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Malaria Control, Better Health, Better Future. 

| August 19, 2015
Mosquito bite. (Image from Science Photo library.)

Mosquito bite. (Image from Science Photo library.)

Malaria is one of the deadliest infectious diseases in the world, in spite of a high number of deaths resulting from malaria being preventable. In 2013, malaria affected almost 200 million people worldwide in tropical countries especially Africa. Over 25% of reported malaria cases resulted deaths, with the highest recorded deaths being of children under the age of five according to the World Health Organisation 2014 report. On the 25th April 2000, 44 African leaders met in Abuja, Nigeria and committed their countries reduce malaria related deaths. Since then World Malaria Day is commemorated on this date every year; calling for high-level commitment by scientists and advocates to envision a world free of malaria. On this day several organisation in several countries showcase the progress they achieved towards their respective Malaria Control programmes. The theme set by Roll Back Malaria, from 2013 to 2015 is “Invest the future”. This shows the very ambitious task and strategy underway, to reduce malaria cases and deaths by 90% by 2030 from current levels. SCI being a multidisciplinary society committed to being part of this vision. Indeed, the current malaria control programmes consist of concerted efforts and innovative technologies, from diagnostics, drug discovery and development, environmental management, vector control and socio-economic specialists and experts amongst others.

The recommended treatment of malaria by WHO, consists mainly of Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies (ACT), which reduce malaria parasites in the blood stream quite rapidly. However, the spread of drug resistance to artemisinin as observed in Southeast Asia is of considerable concern. Reports of imported and non-imported malaria in temperate areas such as Greece have been attributed to globalisation and possibly climate change. Consequently, this is an issue of international importance……….

This is an extract of the full article published in: Outlooks on Pest Management – June 2015 issue.

The full text of this article is available to subscribers of Outlooks on Pest Management.
Non-subcribers may buy & download full text article.

Authors: Dr. Mary Nnankya & Graham Matthews

 

 

 

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Category: Public health

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