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Archive for June, 2013

Opening a window into vector-borne plant viruses

Opening a window into vector-borne plant viruses

| June 18, 2013

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists in Ithaca, N.Y., are collaborating on development of a technology that could lead to new ways of disrupting how insects transmit viruses to crops. Michelle Cilia and Stewart Gray at the ARS Robert W. Holley Center for Agriculture and Health in Ithaca, and colleagues James Bruce and Juan Chavez at […]

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Alert over caterpillar pest in London and Berkshire

Alert over caterpillar pest in London and Berkshire

| June 18, 2013

People in parts of London and South East England are being reminded this Spring by the Forestry Commission, Public Health England and local authorities not to touch caterpillars of the Oak Processionary Moth, which are beginning to emerge in oak trees in these locations. They are also advised to keep children, pets and livestock away […]

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Excavation of building insulation by carpenter ants (<em>Camponotus ligniperda</em>, Hymenoptera; Formicidae)

Excavation of building insulation by carpenter ants (Camponotus ligniperda, Hymenoptera; Formicidae)

| June 18, 2013

A total of 2250 Camponotus ligniperda workers and 120 ant larvae were used in 3 experiments investigating the ability of the insulation materials expanded polystyrene (EPS), extruded polystyrene (XPS) and Foamglas to withstand excavation and nest construction. The three experiments investigated time until initiation of excavation, level of damage after 5 days of excavation and […]

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Delivering a virus to control houseflies

Delivering a virus to control houseflies

| June 18, 2013

Houseflies can transmit hundreds of animal and human pathogens like Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Shigella bacteria, which cause food borne illnesses. Insecticides are used to help control flies, but the pests can develop resistance to chemicals. Entomologists with the ARS Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology in Gainesville, Fla., examined salivary gland hypertrophy virus […]

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Asian fly threat to fruit industry

Asian fly threat to fruit industry

| June 18, 2013

It is just two millimetres long but scientists fear the suzukii fly has the potential to damage the UK’s multimillion-pound soft fruit industry. Drosophila suzukii has been advancing out of its native south-east Asia for the past five years and is now known to be in England and Scandinavia. The pest has the capacity to […]

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UN conference takes historic strides to strengthen chemical safety globally

UN conference takes historic strides to strengthen chemical safety globally

| June 18, 2013

The three conventions that govern chemicals and hazardous waste safety at the global level, the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm conventions, concluded their first ever jointly held meetings of the parties late Friday 10th May 2013, in Geneva. The historic meeting, attended by nearly two thousand participants from 170 countries, as well as 80 Ministers, adopted […]

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Eat insects? Two billion people can’t be wrong

Eat insects? Two billion people can’t be wrong

| June 18, 2013

Insects are often considered a nuisance to human beings and mere pests for crops and animals. Yet this is far from the truth. It is estimated that insects form part of the traditional diets of at least 2 billion people. More than 1,900 species have reportedly been used as food. Insects deliver a host of […]

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