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Biology, Ecology and Management of the Longhorn Date Palm Stem Borer Jebusaea Hammerschmidti (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)

| March 4, 2015

Phoenix dactylifera, the date palm, is a multipurpose crop with high economic value. There are over 100 million date palms worldwide of which, 60% are in the Arab world. The date palm stem-borer (DPB) Jebusea hammerschmidti (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) is an important pest of date palm in the Middle East, North Africa and India. The beetle prefers to infest old neglected palms; however, it can also attack young and healthy crops. The potential damage can reach up to 90% in humid areas. Correct management of date palm groves helps to mitigate the infestation by this pest. There is a great shortcoming in our knowledge on the fundamental aspects of the biology and ecology of the beetle, which ultimately affects the development of management strategies for this notorious date palm pest. Therefore, the main objective of this article is to consolidate the scant and scattered information on the bionomics of the beetle and the possible control measures adopted against it.

The life cycle of the date palm longhorn beetle, Jebusaea hammerschmidti. Adult (A), eggs (B), Larva (C) and pupa (D). (Photograph by El-Shafie).

The life cycle of the date palm longhorn beetle, Jebusaea hammerschmidti. Adult (A), eggs (B), Larva (C) and pupa (D). (Photograph by El-Shafie).

Geographic distribution and host range

The DPB occurs wherever date palm is found in its native range (Sama et al., 2010). It is recorded from Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Libya, United Arab Emirates and Yemen Arab Republic (El-Haidari, 1981). It is also found in Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Oman, Iran and India (Kinaway & Al Siyabi, 2012). This species is monophagous, destructive, and a true pest on date palm particularly in humid areas (Dhiab et al., 1979; Al-Azawi, 1986; Howard et al., 2001; Sama et al., 2008).

This is an abstract of the full article published in: Outlooks on Pest Management – February 2014 issue.

The full text of this article is available to subscribers of Outlooks on Pest Management.
Non-subcribers may buy & download fulltext article.

Author: Hamadttu A.F.El-Shafie, Date Palm Research Center of Excellence, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 400, Hofuf, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

 

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Category: Horticulture-Amenity